As you may have already been informed, the 18th session of the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the 8th session of the Conference of the Parties (COP) serving as the Meeting of the Parties to the Kyoto Protocol will take place from Monday, 26 November to Friday, 7 December 2012 at the Qatar National Convention Centre in Doha, Qatar.
To make this engagement an effective one, the outreach department of the COP18/CMP8 organizing committeeorganized a workshop and repeated on a second day aimed at building the capacity of civil society groups on the UNFCCC process and the role that could be played by NGOs. The workshop was delivered by the Director of the Climate Action Network International (CAN-I) Mr. Wael Hmaidan, who has extensive experience in COPs.
Check out the invitation and the workshop’s agenda.
One of the most important topic of the workshop was the presentation of the essential elements that need to be concluded at the upcoming UN Climate talks happening in November 2012 here in Doha:
- A Doha amendment for a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocal (KP) applying immediately to a range of countries, including Australia and New Zealand; targets within 25-40% range.
- Non-Kyoto developed countries must demonstrate that they are genuine about their responsibilities by adopting a stringent quantified emission reduction commitments, comparable in effort and transparency with KP.
- Developing countries should register their mitigation actions and required support, and all developing countries should make pledges – including Qatar.
- Agreement that global emissions will peak in 2025 which means that developed countries need to reduce their emissions much more quickly, and provide support for developing countries to take more mitigation actions.
- Developed county commitment to provide a 2013-2015 public finance package (a) is at lease double the amount of the Fast Start Finance Period (2010-12) and ensures early and rapid progress towards the $100 billion goal; and (b) includes at least $10-25 billion in new public finance for the Green Climate Fund (GCF) over 2013-15.
- Commitment to take meaningful steps to develop innovative sources of public financing and agree on a process to re-asses the adequacy of financial pledges with the first assessment in 2013.
- Funding modalities for National Adaptation Plans established in order to scale-up work immediately and a second place of the work progress for loss and damage established to elaborate on the principles, function, and institutional structure of an international mechanism to address loss and damage associated with climate impacts (including for rehab and compensation).
- Operationalizing the GCF, the Standing Committee, the NAMA.
According to Wael, the barriers to a successful climate treaty includes:
- Misperceptions of costs and benefits
- Financial/economic crisis
- Power of fossil fuel industry
- Country disagreements
- Lack of public awareness of science
- Fragmentation of civil society
- Dsyfunctional politics in the U.S.
SustainableQatar is privileged to be an official observer on this historical event and its delegation have attended this enlightening workshop.